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COVERAGE: Over Half Of Uninsured Americans Can’t Afford Insurance; Can’t Get Public Coverage



December 1st, 2006

More than half of the nation’s uninsured residents are ineligible for public programs such as Medicaid but do not have enough resources to purchase coverage themselves, researchers from the Urban Institute report in a Health Affairs Web Exclusive [2-week free access] published November 30.

Of the 44.6 million uninsured Americans, 56 percent are ineligible for public programs and have insufficient incomes to afford coverage on their own, the researchers report. Another 25 percent of the uninsured are eligible for public programs, and the remaining 20 percent have incomes high enough to afford coverage.

“Sometimes you hear arguments that all but a small minority of the uninsured could either purchase coverage or are already eligible for assistance,” said lead author Lisa Dubay, now a research scientist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. “But our study shows that the affordability problem is far more serious than that.”

Barriers For childless adults. Childless adults — who are generally not covered under Medicaid, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and other public programs — face the most severe affordability barriers. Of the 25.5 million uninsured childless adults in the United States, 69 percent are ineligible for public programs but cannot afford coverage on their own. By contrast, only 11.3 percent of the country’s 8 million uninsured children can not afford private coverage and have no public options available. “The strikingly different landscapes facing children and childless adults testify to how important the establishment of SCHIP and other coverage expansions have been for the welfare of the nation’s children,” Dubay said.

Affordability: A problem under any measure. As a threshold to determine whether an uninsured person would be able to afford coverage without assistance, Dubay and coauthors used an income level of 300 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL); in 2004, 300 percent of the FPL amounted to $28,935 for a single person and $57,921 for a family of four. Because the concept of “affordability” is subjective, they also looked at several alternative affordability measures. Their conclusion: “Regardless of the affordability threshold used, the bulk of uninsured parents and childless adults are not eligible for public coverage and likely not able to afford private coverage.”

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1 Response to “COVERAGE: Over Half Of Uninsured Americans Can’t Afford Insurance; Can’t Get Public Coverage”

  1. richard levitt Says:

    Speaking as a pediatrician, providing SCHIP and medicaid accessibility for indigent families with children is commendable and honorable. However, the reimbursements through medicaid demand that the providers avail themselves of other resources from “paying” patients since the government reimbursements are substandard, that in effect the providers are underwritng the cost of care. Recieving 50 cents on the dollar leaves pediatricians and other providers to subsidize the care provided to our patients. The solution is for everyone to have a true health insurance policy, i.e. universal coverage, and get the government and physician subsidy out of the picture.

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