James C. Capretta is a resident fellow and holds the Milton Friedman chair at the American Enterprise Institute.

He studies and provides commentary on a wide range of public policy and economic issues, with a focus on health-care and entitlement reform, and U.S. fiscal policy.

Mr. Capretta served for nearly sixteen years in senior positions in the executive and legislative branches of the federal government. From 2001 to 2004, he served as an Associate Director at the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), where he had responsibility for Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, education, and welfare programs. Earlier, he spent a decade at the Senate Budget Committee as a senior analyst for health care and entitlement policy.

Mr. Capretta’s articles and essays have appeared in a large number of print and online publications.

Recent Posts by James Capretta

The Future Of The ACA’s Exchanges

The main problem with the exchanges is not with the exchanges themselves, but with Affordable Care Act policies that have undermined the ongoing viability of the entire individual insurance market.

The House Republicans’ Health Plan

The basic goal of the newly released House GOP health reform plan is to ensure all Americans have access to affordable health insurance and high quality health care services, but without as much reliance on federal control and regulation as the ACA.

The ACA And Its Employment Effects

Given the structure of the ACA, it would be hard to conclude the law would not eventually reduce hours worked or total compensation, although the magnitude of the resulting changes may be as yet hard to detect in the U.S.’s large and complex labor markets.

Improving Health And Health Care: An Agenda For Reform

We propose a plan to replace the ACA and to enact major reforms to the tax treatment of employer-sponsored health care, Medicaid, Medicare, Health Savings Accounts, and other areas. The plan would reorient health policy away from bureaucratic regulation and toward patients and consumer preferences.

A Market-Based Contingency Plan for King v. Burwell

If the Supreme Court rules in favor of the plaintiffs in the King v. Burwell case, Congress will have the opportunity to advance health-care policies that expand consumer choice, increase coverage, deliver better value for the dollar, and allow state governments more say over health care policy.

Unpacking The Burr-Hatch-Upton Plan

Anticipating the upcoming Supreme Court decision on King v. Burwell, which could halt health insurance subsidies available through the federal exchange, Republican Senators Richard Burr and Orrin Hatch joined with Representative Fred Upton to propose a comprehensive replacement for the...

Health Care Policy After The Mid-Term Elections

As President Obama said in his post-election news conference, Republicans had a good night on November 4. They increased their majority in the House to a level not seen since the 1920s and may hold as many as 250 seats in the lower chamber. In the Senate, Republicans defeated at least three...

An Emerging Consensus: Medicare Advantage Is Working And Can Deliver Meaningful Reform

Since enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, much of the attention in the policy community has been on modernizing Medicare’s traditional fee-for-service (FFS) program.  Through Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), larger “bundles” of payments to fee-for-service providers for...

A Health Reform Framework: Breaking Out Of The Medicaid Model

Editor's note: This post is coauthored by Joseph Antos and James Capretta. A primary aim of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) is to expand insurance coverage, especially among households with lower incomes. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projects that about...

A Senate GOP Health Reform Proposal: The Burr-Coburn-Hatch Plan

Republican Senators Richard Burr, Tom Coburn, and Orrin Hatch recently released a blueprint for repealing and replacing Obamacare, called the Patient Choice, Affordability, Responsibility, and Empowerment Act, or the Patient CARE Act (PCA). The plan is getting significant attention from...